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A wise man knows

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A wise man knows
September 26, 2018 Anniversary Wishes 4 comments

A wise man has great power; and a knowledgeable man increases strength; A strong man knows how to use his strength, but a person with knowledge is even.

Having reached a point in life where my years of adventure and romance seem well behind me, I often tell people that now I’m “in it” for the wisdom. Which accounts for my interest in locating the best insights to be found on the subject.

In my fairly comprehensive investigation, I probably reviewed something like 1,000 sayings on just what constitutes its essence. And in the process I eliminated the great bulk of them. Some frankly seemed more obscure, or mysterious, than wise. Some were just too simplistic or mundane. And some, to me at least, downright misguided. Others seemed self-contradictory, even though many of the best quotes on the subject are definitely paradoxical (such as wisdom’s having more to do with asking the right questions than providing the right answers).

Still other quotes talked about how wisdom related (positively or negatively) to other qualities, such as power, courage, cowardice, or greed. But because ultimately the point they made had much more to do with these qualities than with wisdom, I didn’t see including them as sufficiently justified. Additionally, many said wise things on various topics but not really about wisdom itself. And finally, some were humorous but not particularly insightful (and certainly not very profound). Such as one author who quipped: “Some men are wise and some are otherwise (!).” Or another who (punning in the same vein) opined: “We can learn much from wise words, little from wisecracks, and less from wise guys.”

What was most interesting to discover was that many of the best things ever said on wisdom were voiced many times over. And doubtless, this is no coincidence. There’s a universal understanding of the concept that transcends time and place. And while I didn’t want be excessively redundant—and did, in fact, eliminate many “repeating quotes” whose expression seemed less forceful or eloquent than others—I intentionally retained several of these intimately linked quotes in order to sufficiently represent each of wisdom’s major themes. Another purpose I hoped to achieve was emphasizing that wisdom, like truth, is singular. Its articulation may vary but it’s yet unchanging and immortal.

This is why what was said over two thousand years ago—by ancient philosophers, playwrights, and statesmen—might well be repeated by writers today, even though they might be totally unaware that their insights have countless historical precedents.

Although quite a few of the quotes in this collection are originative, that’s probably more the exception than the rule. So, as much as tenable, I’ve endeavored to group by motif many of quotes that follow. Here are the most common wisdom themes I encountered:

  • Wisdom can’t be acquired simply through reading books; knowledge is one thing, wisdom quite another.
  • Wise people continue to doubt themselves (and that’s part of what makes them wise).
  • Wisdom is positively related to happiness.
  • Wisdom must be distinguished from mere cleverness (which frequently “poses” as wisdom).
  • Wise people talk less, are silent more, and listen more than those lacking wisdom.
  • Wisdom is a function of time and experience (which are prerequisites to it).
  • Wisdom derives more from mistakes and failures than from success.
  • Wisdom has as its antonyms foolishness or folly . . . but not always.
  • Wisdom is antithetical to fear. In fact, it’s what enables a person to overcome fear.
  • Wise people are also humble. There’s really no such thing as someone who is both proud or arrogant and wise.
  • Wisdom, and its quest, breed kindness and compassion.

Though it’s a cliché, I hope you’ll enjoy reading (and “assimilating”) these quotes as much as I did assembling them:

"Never does nature say one thing and wisdom another." ~ Juvenal

"More wisdom is latent in things as they are than in all the words men use." ~ Antoine de Saint-Exupéry

"A wise man, recognizing that the world is but an illusion, does not act as if it is real, so he escapes the suffering". ~ Buddha

"Patience is the companion of wisdom." ~ Saint Augustine

"He that can compose himself is wiser than he that composes books." ~ Benjamin Franklin

"Besides the noble art of getting things done, there is the noble art of leaving things undone."

"The wisdom of life consists in the elimination of non-essentials." ~ Lin Yutang

"The art of being wise is the art of knowing what to overlook." ~ William James

"It’s the simple things in life that are the most extraordinary; only wise men are able to understand them." ~ Paulo Coelho

"The wise man will make more opportunities than he finds." ~ Francis Bacon

"Wise living consists perhaps less in acquiring good habits than in acquiring as few habits as possible". ~ Eric Hoffer

"The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." ~ Socrates

"The beginning of wisdom is found in doubting; by doubting we come to the question, and by seeking we may come upon the truth." ~ Pierre Abelard

"The wisest of the wise may err." ~ Aeschylus

"It is unwise to be too sure of one's own wisdom. It is healthy to be reminded that the strongest might weaken and the wisest might err." ~ Mahatma Gandhi

"The wise know too well their weakness to assume infallibility; and he who knows most knows best how little he knows." ~ Thomas Jefferson

"The wisest man is he who does not believe he is wise." ~ Unknown

"The doorstep to the temple of wisdom is a knowledge of our own ignorance." ~ Benjamin Franklin

"A man only becomes wise when he begins to calculate the approximate depth of his ignorance." ~ Gian Carlo Menotti

"Wisdom at times is found in folly." ~ Horace

"[So] Mingle some brief folly with your wisdom." ~ Horace

"There is no wisdom below the girdle." ~ Proverb

"No one acts more foolishly than a wise man in love." ~ Unknown

"In seeking wisdom thou art wise; in imagining that thou hast attained it—thou art a fool." ~ Lord Chesterfield

"Every man is a damn fool for at least five minutes every day; wisdom consists in not exceeding the limit." ~ Elbert Hubbard

"He dares to be a fool, and that is the first step in the direction of wisdom." ~ James Huneker

"The strongest symptom of wisdom in man is his being sensible of his own follies." ~ François de la Rochefoucauld

"The whole problem with the world is that fools and fanatics are always so certain of themselves, but wiser people so full of doubts." ~ Bertran Russell

"The older I grow the more I distrust the familiar doctrine that age brings wisdom." ~ H. L. Mencken

"Wisdom doesn’t necessarily come with age. Sometimes age just shows up all by itself." ~ Tom Wilson

"Wisdom is a good purchase, though we pay dearly for it." ~ Dutch Proverb

"When I can look life in the eyes, grown calm and very coldly wise, life will have given me the truth, and taken in exchange—my youth." ~ Sara Teasdale

"Wisdom comes by disillusionment." ~ George Santayana

"Turn your wounds into wisdom." ~ Oprah Winfrey

"By three methods we may learn wisdom: First, by reflection, which is noblest; second, by imitation, which is easiest; and third by experience, which is the bitterest." ~ Confucius

"From the errors of others, a wise man corrects his own." ~ Publilius Syrus

"It is easier to be wise for others than for oneself." ~ La Rochefoucauld

"Let me embrace thee, sour adversity, for wise men say it is the wisest course." ~ William Shakespeare

"Memory is the mother of all wisdom." ~ Aeschylus

"Wisdom is the daughter of experience." ~ Leonardo da Vinci

"The young man knows the rules, but the old man knows the exceptions." ~ Oliver Wendell Holmes

"Knowledge in youth is wisdom in age." ~ Proverb

"True wisdom consists of tracing effects to their causes." ~ Oliver Goldsmith

"Wisdom consists of the anticipation of consequences." ~ Norman Cousins

"Wisdom is meaningless until your own experience has given it meaning, and there is wisdom in the selection of wisdom." ~ Bergen Evans

"Some of the best lessons we ever learn we learn from our mistakes and failures. The error of the past is the wisdom of the future." ~ Tryon Edwards

"We learn wisdom from failure much more than from success. We often discover what will do, by finding out what will not do; and probably he who never made a mistake never made a discovery." ~ Samuel Smiles

"It may serve as a comfort to us, in all our calamities and afflictions, that he that loses anything and gets wisdom by it is a gainer by the loss." ~ L. Estrange

"We seem to gain wisdom more readily through our failures than through our successes. We always think of failure as the antithesis of success, but it isn't. Success often lies just the other side of failure." ~ Leo Buscaglia

"Good people are good because they’ve come to wisdom through failure. We get very little wisdom from success." ~ William Saroyan

"A prudent question is one-half of wisdom." ~ Francis Bacon

"One's first step in wisdom is to question everything—and one's last is to come to terms with everything." ~ Georg C. Lichtenberg

"The key to wisdom is knowing all the right questions." ~ John A. Simone, Sr

"You can tell whether a man is clever by his answers. You can tell whether a man is wise by his questions." ~ Naguib Mahfouz

"Cleverness is not wisdom." ~ Euripides

"An ounce of wisdom is worth a pound of wit." ~ Thomas Fuller

"All this worldly wisdom was once the unamiable heresy of some wise man." ~ Henry David Thoreau

"Keep me away from the wisdom which does not cry, the philosophy which does not laugh." ~ Kahlil Gibran

"There is a wisdom of the head, and a wisdom of the heart." ~ Charles Dickens

"There is no wisdom without love." ~  N. Sri Ram

"Wisdom is the supreme part of happiness." ~ Sophocles

"Be happy. It's one way of being wise." ~ Sidonie Gabrielle Colette

"There is a difference between happiness and wisdom: he that thinks himself the happiest man is really so, but he that thinks himself the wisest is generally the greatest fool." ~ Francis Bacon

"Those who know are wise. Those who know themselves are enlightened." ~ Lao Tzu

"Knowing others is intelligence; knowing yourself is true wisdom. Mastering others is strength; mastering yourself is true power." ~ Laozi

"Common sense in an uncommon degree is what the world calls wisdom." ~ Samuel Taylor Coleridge

"Don't taunt the alligator until after you've crossed the creek." [couldn’t resist including this one: it’s wise and commonsensical, though not really about wisdom as such] ~ Dan Rather

"It requires wisdom to understand wisdom: the music is nothing if the audience is deaf." ~ Walter Lippman

"Almost every wise saying has an opposite one, no less wise, to balance it." ~ George Santayana

"Wise men talk because they have something to say; fools, because they have to say something." ~ Plato

"The first step in the acquisition of wisdom is silence, the second listening, the third memory, the fourth practice, the fifth teaching others." ~ Solomon Ibn Gabirol

"Speak less, say more." ~ Unknown

"Wise men are not always silent, but they know when to be." ~ Unknown

"Wisdom is the reward you get for a lifetime of listening when you'd have preferred to talk." ~ Doug Larson

"Wisdom is not wisdom when it is derived from books alone." ~ Horace

"To wisdom belongs the intellectual apprehension of things eternal; to knowledge, the rational apprehension of things temporal." ~ Saint Augustine

"Knowledge can be communicated, but not wisdom. One can find it, live it, be fortified by it, do wonders through it, but one cannot communicate and teach it." ~ Hermann Hesse

"We can be knowledgeable with other men’s knowledge, but we cannot be wise with other men’s wisdom." ~ Michel de Montaigne

"Wisdom is not a product of schooling but of the lifelong attempt to acquire it." ~ Albert Einstein

"We don’t receive wisdom; we must discover it for ourselves after a journey that no one can take for us or spare us." ~ Marcel Proust

"No man was ever wise by chance." ~ Lucius Annaeus Seneca

"What is the difference between knowledge and wisdom? Knowledge is gained by gathering data, whereas Wisdom is earned by going through actual life experiences." ~ Master Jin Kwon

"Knowledge is knowing a tomato is a fruit. Wisdom is not putting it in a fruit salad." ~ Unknown

"The wise are only once betrayed." ~ German Proverb

"Knowledge is a process of piling up facts; wisdom lies in their simplification." ~ Martin Fischer

"Wisdom is the right use of knowledge. To know is not to be wise. Many men know a great deal, and are all the greater fools for it. There is no fool so great a fool as a knowing fool. But to know how to use knowledge is to have wisdom." ~ Charles H. Spurgeon

"Wisdom hears one thing and understands three things." ~ Chinese Proverb

"To acquire knowledge, one must study; but to acquire wisdom, one must observe." ~ Marilyn vos Savant

"Arrogance diminishes wisdom." ~ Arabian Proverb

"There is not one wise man in twenty that will praise himself." ~ William Shakespeare

"Just as a fire is covered by smoke and a mirror is obscured by dust, just as the embryo rests deep within the womb, wisdom is hidden by selfish desire." ~ Bhagavad Gita

"The highest form of wisdom is kindness." ~ The Talmud

"Kindness is more important than wisdom, and the recognition of this is the beginning of wisdom." ~ Theodore Rubin

"As we grow in wisdom, we pardon more freely." ~ Madame de Stael

"A wise man makes his own decisions, an ignorant man follows public opinion." ~ Chinese Proverb

"Philosopher: A lover of wisdom, which is to say, Truth." ~ Voltaire

"Wisdom never lies." ~ Homer

"Wisdom is found only in truth." ~ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

"Wise men, though all laws were abolished, would lead the same lives." ~ Aristophanes

"Honesty is the first chapter in the book of wisdom." ~ Thomas Jefferson

"Half a man’s wisdom goes with his courage." ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson

"To conquer fear is the beginning of wisdom." ~ Bertrand Russell

"Wisdom, compassion, and courage are the three universally recognized moral qualities of men." ~ Confucius

"Without courage, wisdom bears no fruit." ~ Baltasar Gracian

"Wisdom is knowing what to do next; virtue is doing it." ~ David Starr Jordan

"Being wise doth either make men our friends or discourage them from being our enemies." ~ Marquis of Halifax

"The wise learn many things from their enemies." ~ Aristophanes

"He is wise that can make a friend of a foe." ~ John Ray

"He that learns from everyone. Who is powerful? He that governs his passions. Who is rich? He that is content. Who is that? Nobody." ~ Benjamin Franklin

"Wise are those who learn that the bottom line doesn’t always have to be their top priority." ~ William Arthur Ward

"The attempt to combine wisdom and power has only rarely been successful, and then only for a short while." ~ Albert Einstein

"If we continue to develop out technology without wisdom or prudence, our servant may prove to be our executioner." ~ Omar Bradley

"History teaches us that men and nations behave wisely once they have exhausted all other alternatives." ~ Abba Eban

[and, finally . . . ] "The wisdom of the wise and the experience of the ages are perpetuated by quotations" [ahem]." ~ Benjamin Disraeli

NOTE 1: If you found these quotes even half as interesting as I have, I hope you’ll consider passing them on to friends and family.

NOTE 2: If you'd like to check out other posts I've done for Psychology Today online, on a broad variety of psychological/philosophical topics, click here.

© 2012 Leon F. Seltzer, Ph.D. All Rights Reserved.

---To be notified whenever I post something new, I invite readers to join me on Facebook—as well as on Twitter where, additionally, you can follow my frequently unorthodox psychological and philosophical musings.

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"A fool thinks himself to be wise, but a wise man knows himself to be a fool." Doubt is a good sign - hang in there! William Shakespeare. Share. Translate.

The Difference Between Being Knowledgeable And Wise

a wise man knows

To be, or not to be, that is the question.

A fool thinks himself to be wise, but a wise man knows himself to be a fool.

We know what we are, but know not what we may be.

Love all, trust a few, do wrong to none.

My crown is called content, a crown that seldom kings enjoy.

There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so.

The empty vessel makes the loudest sound.

Better three hours too soon than a minute too late.

When a father gives to his son, both laugh; when a son gives to his father, both cry.

Our doubts are traitors and make us lose the good we oft might win by fearing to attempt.

Some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon them.

Ignorance is the curse of God; knowledge is the wing wherewith we fly to heaven.

God has given you one face, and you make yourself another.

Hell is empty and all the devils are here.

No legacy is so rich as honesty.

Brevity is the soul of wit.

Better a witty fool than a foolish wit.

The course of true love never did run smooth.

There is no darkness but ignorance.

There is a tide in the affairs of men, Which taken at the flood, leads on to fortune. Omitted, all the voyage of their life is bound in shallows and in miseries. On such a full sea are we now afloat. And we must take the current when it serves, or lose our ventures

With mirth and laughter let old wrinkles come.

We are such stuff as dreams are made on; and our little life is rounded with a sleep.

Cowards die many times before their deaths; the valiant never taste of death but once.

Some rise by sin, and some by virtue fall.

Reputation is an idle and most false imposition; oft got without merit, and lost without deserving.

They do not love that do not show their love.

An overflow of good converts to bad.

Like as the waves make towards the pebbl'd shore, so do our minutes, hasten to their end.

Suspicion always haunts the guilty mind.

Life every man holds dear; but the dear man holds honor far more precious dear than life.

We are time's subjects, and time bids be gone.

To do a great right do a little wrong.

Now, God be praised, that to believing souls gives light in darkness, comfort in despair.

What is past is prologue.

Pleasure and action make the hours seem short.

Come, gentlemen, I hope we shall drink down all unkindness.

Things won are done, joy's soul lies in the doing.

Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown.

Let every eye negotiate for itself and trust no agent.

Let me embrace thee, sour adversity, for wise men say it is the wisest course.

Men's vows are women's traitors!

Love is too young to know what conscience is.

Our peace shall stand as firm as rocky mountains.

Virtue is bold, and goodness never fearful.

Nature hath framed strange fellows in her time.

False face must hide what the false heart doth know.

The stroke of death is as a lover's pinch, which hurts and is desired.

Love sought is good, but given unsought, is better.

Wisely, and slow. They stumble that run fast.

In a false quarrel there is no true valor.

When we are born we cry that we are come to this great stage of fools.

I wasted time, and now doth time waste me.

Farewell, fair cruelty.

Fortune brings in some boats that are not steered.

Many a good hanging prevents a bad marriage.

Talking isn't doing. It is a kind of good deed to say well; and yet words are not deeds.

The devil can cite Scripture for his purpose.

My pride fell with my fortunes.

WATCH THE VIDEO ON THEME: The wise man knows that he knows nothing. Only the fool knows all.
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Socrates — What Makes Someone Wise?

a wise man knows

“You are always afraid that somebody may think you a fool. You are afraid that if others think you to be a fool, you will start suspecting it. If so many people think you a fool your self-confidence will be lost. And if everybody goes on repeating that you are a fool, sooner or later you will come to believe it.

Only a wise man cannot be deceived, he can appear as a fool.

Have you observed yourself? You are always trying to exhibit your wisdom, always in search of a victim to whom you can show your knowledge, just searching, hunting for somebody weaker than you – then you will jump in and you will show your wisdom.
A wise man need not be an exhibitionist. Whatsoever is, is. He is not aware of it, he is not in any hurry to show it. If you want to find it, you will have to make efforts. If you have to know whether he is gentle or not, that is going to be your discovery.”
― Osho, The Empty Boat: Talks on the Sayings of Chuang Tzu


truth · Uncertainty · understanding · vulnerability · Weakness · wisdom · Worry. A smart person knows what to say. A wise person knows whether or not to say it.

“The wise man is one who, knows, what he does not know.”

a wise man knows

Robert Christy, comp.  Proverbs, Maxims and Phrases of All Ages.  
A fool can ask more questions than seven wise men can answer.  Italian.
A fool is always meditating how he shall begin his life; a wise man, how he shall end it.  N. McDonald.
A fool knows his own business better than a wise man that of other men.  Italian.
A fool knows more in his own house than a wise man in another’s.
A fool may ask more questions in an hour than a wise man can answer in seven years.
A fool may chance to put something in a wise man’s head.
A fool may give a wise man counsel.
A fool may make money but it requires a wise man to spend it.
A fool may meet with good fortune but the wise only profit by it.
A fool throws a stone into a well and it requires an hundred wise men to get it out again.  Italian.
A man may talk like a wise man, yet act like a fool.
Amangst twenty-four fools no ae wise man.
A nod for a wise man and a rod for a fool.
A rich fool is a wise man’s treasurer.
A wise man and a fool together know more than a wise man alone.  Italian.
A wise man begins in the end, and a fool ends in the beginning.
A wise man changes his mind, a fool never.  Spanish.
A wise man may learn of a fool.
A wise man may look ridiculous in the company of fools.
A wise man’s thoughts walk within him, a fool’s without him.
A wise man’s soul reposes at the root of his tongue, but a fool’s is ever dancing on the tip.  Arabian.
A wise man thinks all that he says, a fool says all that he thinks.
A wise man will not reprove a fool.  Chinese.
Better to weep with the wise than laugh with fools.  German.
Better with the wise in prison than with fools in paradise.  German.
Bridges were made for wise men to walk over and fools to ride under.
Each wise man has a fool for his brother.  German.
Every fool can find faults that a great many wise men can’t remedy.
Fools are wise men in the affairs of women.
Fools ask, What o’clock? but wise men know their time.  Dutch.
Fools build houses and wise men buy them.  Dutch.
Fools invent fashions and wise men follow them.  French.
Fools lade out all the water and wise men take the fish.
Fools make feasts and wise men eat them.
Fools may ask more in an hour than wise men can answer in seven years.
Fools set stools for wise men to stumble at.
Fools tie knots and wise men loose them.
He is a fool who cannot be angry, but he is a wise man who will not.
He is not a wise man who cannot play the fool on occasion.  Italian.
He that is a wise man by day is no fool by night.
If a wise man should never miscarry the fool would burst.
If the fool have a hump no one notices; if the wise man have a pimple everybody talks about it.  Livonian.
If wise men never erred it would go hard with the fool.
If wise men play the fool they do it with a vengeance.
It is better to associate with the half fool than the half wise man.  German.
It is better to be saved with the fool, than to perish with the wise.  De Langoiran.
It is better to sit with a wise man in prison than a fool in paradise.
It takes a wise man to be a fool.
None can play the fool as well as a wise man.
Oftentimes to please fools wise men err.
One day of a wise man is worth the whole life of a fool.
One fool makes many, but a thousand wise men cannot make one wise man.  German.
One wise man is worth a thousand fools.  Modern Greek.
Set a fool to roast eggs and a wise man to eat them.
That which makes wise men modest makes fools unmannerly.
The fool doth think that he is wise, but the wise man knows himself to be a fool.  Shakespeare.
The fool knows more in his own house than the sage in other men’s.  Italian.
The fool may teach the wise man wit.
The fool wanders, the wise man travels.
The fool wonders, the wise man asks.  Benjamin Disraeli.
The greatest of all fools is he who is wise too soon.  Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine.
The least foolish is accounted wise.
The wise and the fool have their fellow.
The wise can learn of fools.  German.
The wise do at the beginning what fools do at the end.  German.
The wise man draws more advantage from his enemies than a fool from his friends.
The wise man when he holds his tongue says more than a fool when he speaks.
The wise man is born to rule the fool.
The wise man knows he knows nothing, the fool thinks he knows all.  Italian.
The wise man knows the fool but the fool does not know the wise man.
The wise must endure fools.  German.
The wise seek wisdom, the fool has found it.  German.
The wise too jealous are, fools too secure.  Congreve.
There is no one so wise that he may not be cheated by a fool.  German.
Valiant fools were made by nature for the wise to work with.  Rowe.
Were there no fools there would be no wise men.  German.
Wise men change their minds, fools never.
Wise men have their mouth in their heart; fools their heart in their mouth.
Wise men learn by other men’s mistakes; fools by their own.
Wise men learn more from fools, than fools from wise men.  Cato the Censor.
Wise men sue for office and blockheads get them.  Dutch.

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