(“I Have a Dream” speech, August 28, 1963); “Without love, there is no reason ( Date unknown); “We must learn to live together as brothers or.
When you quote someone's exact words in your paper, put their words in quotation marks and tell your reader who said or wrote the words by citing the author.
Here are two examples of how to do this:
"We must learn to live together as brothers or perish together as fools" (King, 1964).
As Dr. Martin L. King, Jr. said, "We must learn to live together as brothers or perish together as fools" (1964).
The information in parentheses is called an in-text citation. The citation shows that this quote is from Dr. King and he said these words in 1964.
You will have these short citations within the body of your paper then more complete citations in a list at the end of your paper in your "References" or "Works Cited" page.
The citation method we're using here is called APA. Other common citation methods are MLA and Chicago. (We'll be discussing citation methods some more later in the tutorial.)
Quote from Dr. Martin L. King, Jr., speech at St Louis, 22 March 1964, in St Louis Post-Dispatch 23 March 1964. Photo from https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/05/Martin_Luther_King,_Jr..jpg
As perhaps the most prominent figure in the fight for equality, Dr. King has delivered many speeches and left lasting impressions on millions. I.
They have learned to live together. Why can’t we?
What does that mean?
This quote is about the totality of humanity. While it was spoken specifically about the racial divide then present in the United States of America, I believe it also applies to all of us.
For anyone who has had a brother or known someone who had a brother, you know that life isn’t always peaceful or calm. Yet the familial bond means something to most, and as brothers (or sisters), we tend to treat each-other reasonably well. That is what the quote asks of us, to learn to live together as brothers, as one big family.
The quote ends with the alternate way the human drama will play out. If we cannot live together as a family, we will perish together as fools. When we have the option of surviving or perishing, and choose to perish, that’s not very bright. When the stakes are all of humanity, choosing to perish is something well beyond foolish, wouldn’t you say?
Why is learning to live together important?
No one who has a family will pretend that everything was always perfect. We know how our lives were growing up, and it wasn’t like that. We are imperfect beings, and we act that way, even towards our family. Yet we hold our family closer, most of the time.
By staying closer to our family, we are more likely to communicate fully, and to forgive fully. Yes, there are family disagreements, and sometimes bad blood and resentment can last for years. Yet still the familial bond is there, holding steady, deep beneath the roiling emotions.
Contrast that to how many treat those who are not family, not friend, not even of the same country, creed, race, or ethnicity. These are ways to divide people, not unite them. A family can be divided, but only if they choose to focus on what is different, rather than what is the same.
Where can I apply this in my life?
To me, the first step in making everyone your family is to first make everyone your friend. Yeah, I know, easier said than done. While the ultimate goal may be beyond our grasp at the moment, we have to start somewhere, so let’s start at home.
How is your family? Are you on speaking terms with them? Is everyone within the family still living together as brothers, or are there serious divisions? I’m not talking the kind of stuff that blows over in a few hours or days, but the kind of thing that sticks around for years.
What can you do to help mend fences, to help people be together and work together? Can you mediate between, or help with an action one feels is necessary and the other feels is not? What can you say to soothe, calm, or otherwise get them prepared to discuss the issue at hand?
Once you have your family squared away, what do we want to try next? How about a broader question: What do you have to believe in order to live together with someone as if they were family? Remember, this version of ‘live’ means to coexist with someone, not to occupy the same house.
How do you establish a familial feel, a camaraderie or closeness that siblings often have? There is a certain amount of honesty and openness that seems to be a key element to most familial relationships. How can you extend that to your closest friends?
Actually, you probably already have, as everyone I know has pointed out to me. They all have at least a friend (most have more) with whom they are at least as close with as the rest of their family. But do you remember how you did it?
For me, it just kind of happened. Someone either did or didn’t ‘click,’ for lack of a better word. But common interests seem to be part of it, as have common likes and desires. A similar sense of humor also seems to be part of it, at least for me.
Not everyone will have these traits. But you will have to find something in common. At least we’re all human, we all eat and breathe, and that’s a start, right? I didn’t say this would be easy, did I? But you won’t get better at it if you don’t do it a few times, right?
Not everyone will want to be your friend, but that shouldn’t prevent you from treating them kindly and well. You can treat them as a brother, or you be a fool. I know which one I prefer.
What about you? Will you take the time and put in the effort? Will you treat others as your brothers, or will we perish as fools?
From: Twitter, @DrOz
confirmed at : http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/m/martinluth101309.html
Photo by Caitlin Regan
in New York Journal-American 10 September 1962
speech in Nashville, Tennessee, 27 December 1962, in James Melvin Washington (ed.) A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings of Martin Luther King, Jr. (1986) ch. 22
letter from Birmingham Jail, Alabama, 16 April 1963
letter from Birmingham Jail, Alabama, 16 April 1963, in Atlantic Monthly August 1963
letter from Birmingham Jail, Alabama, 16 April 1963
speech in Detroit, 23 June 1963
speech at Civil Rights March in Washington, 28 August 1963; see Jackson
speech at St Louis, 22 March 1964, in St Louis Post-Dispatch 23 March 1964
in 1967; in Autobiography of Martin Luther King Jr. (1999)
sermon at the National Cathedral, Washington, 31 March 1968, in James Melvin Washington A Testament of Hope (1991); see Obama, Parker
on the day before his assassination
speech in Memphis, 3 April 1968
Strength to Love (1963) ch. 4
Strength to Love (1963) ch. 5, pt. 2
Strength to Love (1963) ch. 7
Where Do We Go From Here? (1967) ch. 4
Where Do We Go From Here? (1967)
Where Do We Go From Here? (1967)
Marian Wright Edelman ‘Kids First’ in Mother Jones May/June 1991
we must learn to live together as brothers or perish together as fools Martin Luther King Jr. Better together from Martin Luther King Speech.
“Oppressed people cannot remain oppressed forever.” from “Letter from the Birmingham Jail"--April 16, 1963
“Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.” --from “Letter from the Birmingham Jail"--April 16, 1963.
“If a man hasn’t discovered something that he will die for, he isn’t fit to live.” --from June 23, 1963 speech in Detroit.
“The means by which we live have outdistanced the ends for which we live. Our scientific power has outrun our spiritual power. We have guided missiles and misguided men.” --from “Strength to Love” --1963
“When we let freedom ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God’s children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual, ‘Free at last! Free at last! Thank God almighty, we are free at last!’ ” --from “I Have a Dream speech-- August 28, 1963
“Let us hope that the dark clouds of racial prejudice will soon pass away and the deep fog of misunderstanding will be lifted from our fear-drenched communications and in some not too distant tomorrow the radiant stars of love and brotherhood will shine over our great nation with all their scintillating beauty.” --from “Letter From the Birmingham Jail” --April 16, 1963
“We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence.” --from “I Have a Dream” speech --Aug. 28, 1963
“Now is the time to lift our national policy from the quicksand of racial injustice to the solid rock of human dignity."--from “Letter From the Birmingham Jail” --April 16, 1963 *
“We must learn to live together as brothers or perish together as fools.” --from March 22, 1964, speech in St. Louis.
“Everybody can be great. Because anybody can serve. You don’t have to have a college degree to serve. You don’t have to make your subject and your verb agree to serve...You only need a heart full of grace. A soul generated by love.” --from “The Drum Major Instinct” sermon -- February 4, 1968
“I have the audacity to believe that peoples everywhere can have three meals a day for their bodies, education and culture for their minds, and dignity, equality and freedom for their spirits. I believe that what self-centered men have torn down, other-centered men can build up.” --from his Nobel Prize acceptance speech --December 10, 1964
“I still believe that we shall overcome.” --from Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech-- Dec. 10, 1967
“A riot is at bottom the language of the unheard.” --from “Where Do We Go From Here?” --1967
“Let us rise up tonight with greater readiness. Let us stand with a greater determination. And let us move on in these powerful days, these days of challenge to make America what it ought to be. We have an opportunity to make America a better nation.” --from “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” --April 3, 1968
“Like anybody, I would like to live a long life. Longevity has its place. But I’m not concerned about that now. I just want to do God’s will. And He’s allowed me to go up to the mountain. And I’ve looked over. And I’ve seen the promised land. I may not get there with you. But I want you to know tonight, that we, as a people, will get to the promised land.” --from “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” --April 3, 19968, on the eve of his assassination.
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Highlights of Martin Luther King Jr.'s Life
January 15, 1929: Born in Atlanta
February, 1948: Ordained to the Baptist ministry.
June, 1948: Receives bachelor of arts degree in sociology from Moorehouse College,
June, 1951: Graduates from Crozier Theological Seminary with a bachelor of divinity degree.
June, 1953: Marries Coretta Scott.
October, 1954: Installed as pastor of the Dexter Avenue Church in Montgomery, Ala.
June, 1955: Receives doctorate in systematic theology from Boston University.
December, 1955: Unanimously elected president of Montgomery Improvement Assn., five days after Rosa Parks refuses to move to the black section of a public bus.
January, 1956: Bomb is thrown onto porch of King’s Montgomery home. No one is injured.
February, 1956: All-white grand jury indicts King and 88 black leaders of the Montgomery Improvement Assn. for conspiring to hinder the operation of a business.
June, 1958: Along with other civil rights leaders, meets with President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
September, 1958: Stabbed in the chest in Harlem by Izola Cury, a 42-year-old allegedly mentally ill woman.
February-March, 1959: Spends month in India studying Gandhi’s techniques of nonviolence.
June, 1960: Meets with President John F. Kennedy, and again in October, 1962.
April, 1963: While imprisoned for protesting, writes “Letter From Birmingham Jail.”
December, 1964: Receives Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway.
March, 1965: Leads Selma-to-Montgomery civil rights march.
August, 1966: King is stoned as he leads march though Chicago’s southwest side.
April 4, 1968: King is assassinated by James Earl Ray at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis.
April 9, 1968: King is buried in Atlanta.
Milestones of the Civil Rights Movement
1954: The Supreme Court, in Brown vs Board of Education of Topeka, rules that segregation in public schools is unconstitutional. The following year, it order that public school desegregation be carried out “with all deliberate speed.”
1955: Rosa Parks refuses to give her bus seat to a white man in Montgomery, Ala., prompting a landmark bus boycott.
1957: President Dwight D. Eisenhower uses federal troops to protect black students integrating at Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas.
1960: Sit-in campaign, aimed at ending the “whites only” policy, begins with students at a Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro, N.C.
1961: Freedom Rides campaign, to test segregation in bus terminals serving interstate passengers, begins.
1962: Deadly riot erupts when a black student tries to enroll at the University if Mississippi.
1963: Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his “I have a Dream” speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial during the March on Washington.
1964: Discrimination in public accommodations and employment outlawed by the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
1965: Historic civil rights march from Selma to Montgomery, Ala.
1965: The voting Rights Act rules out literacy tests, poll taxes and other techniques designed to deny blacks their right to vote.
1968: U.S. Civil Rights Act of 1968 prohibits discrimination in the sale or rental of about 80% of U.S. housing. The Supreme Court later rules that an 1866 federal law prohibits discrimination in the sale and rental of all property.
Sources: “The Words of Martin Luther King Jr.,” selected by Coretta Scott King and published by Newmarket Press; “Letter from the Birmingham Jail” --April 16, 1963; “I Have a Dream” speech --Aug. 28, 1963; Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech --Dec. 10, 1964; “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” speech --April 3, 1968. Researched by STEPHANIE STASSEL / Los Angeles Times
We must learn to live together as brothers or perish together as fools. Martin Luther King Jr., Speech at St. Louis, March 22, 1964. US black civil rights leader.